Radiocarbon WEB-info Bibliographic sources K-Z


Keith, M.L. Anderson, G.M. and Eichler, R. 1964. Carbon and oxygen isotope composition of mollusk shells from marine and fresh-water environments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 28:1757-86.

Law, I.A., and R.E.M. Hedges, 1989. A semi-automated bone pretreatment system and the pretreatment of older and contaminated samples. In Stuiver, M. and R.S. Kra (eds), Proceedings of the 13th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon, 31(3):247-253.

Law, I.A., R.A. Housley, N. Hammond, and R.E.M. Hedges, 1991. Cuello: Resolving the Chronology Through Direct Dating of Conserved and Low-Collagen Bone by AMS. Radiocarbon, 33(3):303-315.

Lee-Thorp, J.A., J.C. Sealy, and N.J. van der Merwe, 1989. Stable carbon isotope ratio differences between bone collagen and bone apatite, and their relationship to diet. Journal of Archaeological Science,16:585-599.

Libby, W.F.1946, "Atmos 3He and radiocarbon from cosmic radiation", Physical Review 69, letter June 1, pp.671-672.

Libby, W.F. 1955. Radiocarbon Dating. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

_______ 1972. "Radiocarbon dating, memories and hopes". Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Radiocarbon Dating. Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, pp.XXVII-XLIII.

Libby, W.F., Anderson, E.C. and Arnold, J.R. 1949. Age determination by Radiocarbon content: world-wide assay of natural radiocarbon. Science 109:227-28.

Long, A., Hendershott, R.B. and Martin, P.S. 1983. Radiocarbon dating of fossil eggshell. Radiocarbon 25(2):533-539.

Long, A., A.T. Wilson, R.D. Ernst, B.H. Gore, and P.E. Hare, 1989. AMS radiocarbon dating of bones at Arizona. In Stuiver, M. and R.S. Kra (eds), Proceedings of the 13th International 14C Conference. Radiocarbon, 31(3):231-38.

Long, A. 1995. From the Editor: Goodbye to Pee Dee Belemnite and Standard Mean Ocean Water. Radiocarbon 37(1): P iii.

Longin, R., 1971. New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating. Nature, 230:241-242.

Lorcher, K. and Hodges, R.D. 1969. Some possible mechanisms of formation of the carbonate fraction of egg shell calcium carbonate. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 28:119-128.

McCormac, F.G. 1992. Liquid scintillation counter characterization, optimization and benzene purity correction. Radiocarbon 34(1):37-45.

Mangerud, J. 1972. Radiocarbon dating of marine shells, including a discussion of apparent ages of Recent shells from Norway. Boreas 1 (143-72).

Mann, W.B. 1983. An international reference material for radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 25(2):519-27.

Nydal, R. 1983. Optimal number of samples and accuracy in dating problems. In 14C and Archaeology. W.G Mook and H.T Waterbolk (eds.). (PACT 8:107-122). Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Pp. 107-22.

________1989. A critical review of radiocarbon dating of a Norse settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, Canada. Radiocarbon 31(3):976-85.

Masters, P.M., 1987. Preferential preservation of noncolagenous protein during bone diagenesis: Implications for chonometric and stable isotopic isotopic measurements. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 51:3209-3214.

Marlowe, Greg. 1980, "W.F. Libby and the archaeologist, 1946-1948" Radiocarbon 22(3), pp.1005-1014.

May, I., 1955. Isolation of organic carbon from bones for 14C dating. Science, 121:508-509.

Morrison, R.I., 1969. Soil Lipids. In Eglinton G., and M.T.J. Murphy (eds), Organic Geochemistry: Methods and Results. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag Berlin:558-575.

Munnich, K.O., 1957. Heidelberg natural radiocarbon measurements I. Science, 126, 194-199.

Muller, R.A., 1977. Radioisotope dating with a cyclotron. Science, 196:489-494.

Oeschger, H., Siegenthaler,U., Schotterer, U. and Gugelmann, A. 1975. A box diffusion model to study the carbon dioxide exchange in nature. Tellus 27(2):168-92.

Pearson, G.W. 1979. Precise 14C measurement by LS counting. Radiocarbon 21(1):1-22.

_______ 1980. High precision radiocarbon dating by liquid scintillation counting applied to radiocarbon time-scale calibration. Radiocarbon 22(2):337-45.

_______ 1983. The development pment of high-precision 14C measurement and its application to archaeological time-scale problems. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Polach, H.A. and Stipp, J.J. 1967. Improved synthesis techniques for methane and benzene radiocarbon dating. International Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 18:359-64.

Olson, E.A. (ms), 1963. The problem of sample contamination in radiocarbon dating. Unpublished Phd dissertation, Columbia University, New York.

Olsson, I.U., M.F.A.F. El-Daoushy, A.I. Abd-El-Mageed, and M. Klasson, 1974. A comparison of different methods of pretreament of bones. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, 96:171-181.

Pritchard, J.J, 1974. Bones. London: Oxford University Press.

Polach, H.; Calf, G.; Harkness, D.; Hogg, A.G.; Kaihola, L. and Robertson, S. 1988. Performance of new technology liquid scintillation counters for 14C dating. Nuclear Geophysics, 2. 75-79.

Polach, H.A. 1976. Radiocarbon as a research tool in archaeology - hopes and limitations. In. Proceedings of the Symposium on Scientific Methods in the Study of Ancient Chinese Bronzes and Southeast Asian Metal and other Archaeological Artefacts. N. Barnard (ed.). National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia. Pp. 255-98.

_______ 1976b. Correlation of 14C activity of NBS Oxalic Acid with Arizona 1850 wood and ANU Sucrose standards. In, Radiocarbon Dating. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference, Los Angeles and La Jolla, 1976. R. Berger and H.E Suess (eds.). University Of California Press, Los Angeles.

_______ 1987. Evaluation and status of Liquid Scintillation Counting for radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 29(1):1-11.

Protsch, R., 1975. The absolute dating of upper Pleistocene subsaharan fossil hominids and their place in human evolution. Journal of Human Evolution, 4:297-322.

Protsch, R., 1991. Dating of bones in archaeology and anthropology. In Golksu, H.U, M. Oberhofer, and D. Regulla (eds), Scientific Dating Method. Advanced Science and technology Vol 1: Netherlands:271-30. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Redvers-Newton, N.A., and G.E. Coote, 1994. Bone pretreatments for radiocarbon dating: a study incorporating AMS dating and ion beam analysis. Nuclear Instruments and Methods, B29:270-273.

Rozanski, K. 1991. International Atomic Energy Agency Consultants' Group Meeting on C-14 Reference Materials for Radiocarbon Laboratories, Feb 18-20, 1991. Report by K. Rozanski, Section of Isotope Hydrology, IAEA, Vienna.

Rozanski, K., Stichler, W., Gonfiantini, R., Scott, E.M., Beukens, R.P., Kromer, B. and Van Der Plicht, J. 1992. The IAEA 14C Intercomparison Exercise 1990. Radiocarbon 34(3):506-519.

Scott, E.M., Long, A. and Kra, R (eds.). 1990. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Intercomparison of Radiocarbon Laboratories. Radiocarbon 32(3):253-397.

Scott, E.M, Aitchison, T.C., Baxter, M.S., Cook, G.T. and Harkness, D.D. 1990. 14C Cross Check. International Collaborative Study Report. University of Glasgow.

Scott, E.M., Harkness, D.D., Miller, B.F., Cook, G.T. and Baxter, M.S. 1992. Announcement of a further International Intercomparison exercise. Radiocarbon 34(3):528-32.

Stuiver, M. and Polach, H.A. 1977. Discussion: Reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19: 355-63.

Sinex, F.B., and B. Faris, 1959. Isolation of gelatin from ancient bones. Science, 129:969.

Sharma, T. and Pillai, N.V. 1971. Oxygen and Carbon Isotope Composition of Chicken Egg Shell Carbonate. Indian Journal of Chemistry 9:456-458.

Smith, E.L., R.L. Hill, I.R. Lehman, R.J. Lefkowitz, P. Handler, and A. White, 1983. Principles of Biochemistry: Mammalian Biochemistry. Seventh edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Sobel, H., and R. Berger, 1994. AMS studies on selected proteins of bone in archaeology. In the 15th International Radiocarbon Conference, Book of Abstracts. Glasgow.

Stafford, T.W.Jr., R.C. Duhamel, C.V.Jr.Haynes, and K. Brendel,1982. Isolation of proline and hydroxyproline from fossil bone. Life Science, 31:931-938.

Stafford, T.W. Jr., A.J. Jull, K. Brendel, R.C. Duhamel, and D. Donahue, 1987. Study of bone radocarbon dating accuracy at the University of Arizona NSF accelerator facility for radioisotope analysis. Radiocarbon, 29(1):24-44.

Stafford, T.W. Jr., K. Brendel, and R.C. Duhamel, 1988. Radiocarbon 13C and 15N analysis of fossil bone: Removal of humates with XAD-2 resin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52:2257-2267.

Stafford, T.W. Jr., K. Brendel, and R.C. Duhamel, 1991. Accelerator radiocarbon dating at the molecular level. Journal of Archaeological Sciences, 18:35-72.

Stevenson, F.J., and J.H.A. Butler, 1969. Chemistry of Humic acids and related Pigments. In Eglinton, G., and M.T.J. Murphy (eds), Organic Geochemistry: Methods and Results, pp534-556. Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag Berlin.

Stuiver, M., Pearson, G.W and Braziunas, T.F. 1986. Radiocarbon age calibration of marine samples back to 9000 Cal Yr BP. Radiocarbon 28(2B):980-1021.

Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G.W. 1992. Calibration of the 14C time scale, 2500-5000BC. In, Radiocarbon Dating after Four Decades: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. R.E Taylor., A. Long and R.S Kra (ed.). Co-publication with Radicarbon. Springer-Verlag, NY. Pp. 19-33.

Stuiver, M. and Becker, B. 1993. High-precision decadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950-6000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):35-65.

Stuiver, M. and Braziunas, T.F. 1993. Modeling atmospheric 14C influences and 14C ages of marine samples to 10000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):137-91.

Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G.W. 1993. High-precision bidecadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950-500 BC and 2500-6000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):1-25.

Stuiver, M. and Reimer, P.J. 1993. Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration programme. Radiocarbon 35(1):215-31.

Stuiver, M. and Polach, H.A. 1977. Discussion: Reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19: 355-63.

Stuiver, M., Pearson, G.W and Braziunas, T.F. 1986. Radiocarbon age calibration of marine samples back to 9000 Cal Yr BP. Radiocarbon 28(2B):980-1021.

Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G.W. 1992. Calibration of the 14C time scale, 2500-5000BC. In, Radiocarbon Dating after Four Decades: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. R.E Taylor., A. Long and R.S Kra (ed.). Co-publication with Radicarbon. Springer-Verlag, NY. Pp. 19-33.

Stuiver, M. and Becker, B. 1993. High-precision decadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950-6000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):35-65.

Stuiver, M. and Braziunas, T.F. 1993. Modeling atmospheric 14C influences and 14C ages of marine samples to 10000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):137-91.

Stuiver, M. and Pearson, G.W. 1993. High-precision bidecadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950-500 BC and 2500-6000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):1-25.

Stuiver, M. and Reimer, P.J. 1993. Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration programme. Radiocarbon 35(1):215-31.

Suess, H.E. 1955. Radiocarbon content in modern wood. Science.122:415-17.

Toggweiler, J.R. Dixon, K. and Bryan, K. 1989. Simulations of radiocarbon in a coarse-resolution world ocean model 1. Steady state prebomb distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research 94:Number C6 Pp. 8217-42.

Suess, Hans E. 1967. "Zur Chronologie des alten €gypten". Zeitschrift fŸr Physik 21, pp.1-7.

Tamers, M.A., and Pearson F.J. Jr., 1965. Validity of radiocarbon dates on bone. Nature , 208:1053-1055.

Taylor, R. E., 1982. Problems in the Radiocarbon dating of bone. In L.A. Currie (ed), Nuclear and Chemical Dating Techniques: Interpreting the Environmental Record,pp453-473. Washington DC, American Chemical Society.

Taylor, R.E. 1985. "The beginnings of radiocarbon dating in American Antiquity: A historical perspective." American Antiquity 50, pp.309-325.

Taylor, R.E., 1992. Radiocarbon dating of bone: To collagen and beyond. In, Taylor, R.E., A. Long, R.S. Kra (eds) Radiocarbon after four decades: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, pp375-402. New York, Springer-Verlag.

Taylor, R.E. 2000. The Radiocarbon Revolution, "Discovering Archaeology".

Tuross, N., M.L. Fogel, and P.E. Hare, 1988. Variablility in the preservation of the isotopic composition of collagen from fossil bone. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52:929-935.

N.J van der Merwe, J.C Sealy and R. Yates. 1987. First accelerator carbon-14 date for pigment from a rock painting. South African Journal of Science 83:56-57.

van Klinken, G.J., 1994. the degree of cross linking in ancient collagens. In the 15th International Radiocarbon Conference, Book of Abstracts. Glasgow.

van Klinken, G.J., and R.E.M. Hedges, 1992. Experiments on 14C dating of contaminated bone using peptides resulting from enzymatic cleavage of collagen. Radiocarbon, 34(3):292-295.

van Klinken, G.J., and W.G. Mook, 1990. Preparative high-performance liquid chromatographic separation of individual amino acids derived from fossil bone collagen. Radiocarbon, 32(2):155-164.

Vogel, J.C., and H.T. Waterbolk, 1963. Groningen radiocarbon dates IV. Radiocarbon, 5:163-202.

Von Shirning, Y.V, Van der Merwe, N.J and Vogel, J.C. 1982. Influence of diet and age on carbon isotope ratios in ostrich eggshell. Archaeometry 24(1): 3-20.

de Vries, H. 1958. Atom Bomb Effect: variations of radiocarbon in plants, shells, snails in the past 4 years. Science 128:250-251.

Wand, J.O. (ms), 1981. Microsample preparation for radiocarbon dating. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Oxford University.

Ward, G.K. and Wilson, S.R. 1978. Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations; a critique. Archaeometry 20(1):19-31.

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